Marine ingredients in fish feed


Feed is an important input in salmon production and largely contributes to the farming industry’s total impact on environment and society. It is important for us that all the input factors used in the feed are based on raw material from sustainable sources, and that the production process is based on good ethical principles. It is positive that major suppliers take sustainability seriously, and as a consequence we see a very good development within the industry. Fish feed has traditionally been based on fishmeal and fish oil from wild fish, and the control of the various fisheries has been of mixed quality. One focus area for the industry is therefore the use of marine raw materials in a sustainable way. Especially important is the proportion of wild fish used. An increasing number of fisheries have made an effort and improved the balance between recruitment in stocks and catches, while the marine content in salmon feed has been significantly reduced. It is also encouraging that more and more of the marine raw materials come from both byproducts from processing products and by-catches. The most important consideration now is the balance between marine  oils in the feed and Omega 3 levels in fish, as well as to ensure that land-based raw materials are also produced in a sustainable way.


We will focus on the use of sustainable feeds in all our regions and sites, both in terms of marine and land produce. We will be sure to use fishmeal and fish oil from suppliers with full traceability control of the catches they use. We will continue to assess the use of alternative feed and more sustainable ingredients. Raw materials from illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU-fishing) shall not occur in the fish feed.


In 2016, Grieg Seafood has continued the effort towards a more sustainable composition of fish feed. An important factor of the efforts to achieve this is the cooperation we have with the other players in the industry, including our involvement in GSI, in order to encourage the feed producers to increase their focus on sustainable ingredients. We encourage our suppliers to participate in the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation (IFFO), and their work with a standard for responsible resource use (IFFO “responsible sourcing”). ASC has developed a standard for sustainable feed, and we work systematically to comply with this standard. We have already achieved this in terms of the ratio of wild fish needed to produce one kilogram of farmed fish. See Chart 8 for results for the amount of wild fish needed to produce fishmeal and fish oil enough for one kilogram farmed salmon.


We work to make sure that out feed suppliers only produce feed with sustainable ingredients. We aim to meet the ASC standard’s requirements (FFDRm< 1,35 og FFDRo<2,95) for the use of marine proteins and marine oils in our feed. We will continue to cooperate with the other players in the industry, not least through our involvement in GSI, in order to enhance the feed producers´ focus on sustainable ingredients.

Chart 8

Amount of wild fish needed to produce sufficient fishmeal and fish oil for one kilo farmed salmon.